Civil law and criminal law concerns separate assembly. Thus, the cases, punishment, and the system for them are very different. Civil crime is about personal contradictions or contradictions between two entities. These entities can be two people, two organizations, or a person and an organization. Few examples of civil crimes are: disrupting a contract, bankruptcy, character assassination, etc. Civil crimes do not harm society altogether.
On the contrary, crimes that might be staged against an individual but harm a society concerns criminal law. For instance: murder, theft, rape, etc. The reasons why these crimes take place or were initiated in the first place are also very different. Economic conditions and social environment influence the crimes that concern criminal law. Although, civil crimes are generally instigated by personal jealousy. You may also visit Regina criminal lawyer to know what lawyers think. Here are some difference between Civil and Criminal Law are categorized below:
Degree of Punishment:
As the magnitude of the crimes is different, the laws imposed concerning the crimes are different. If the accused party of a criminal offense loses the case, he/she ends up in jail. However, if the accused party of a civil offense loses, he/she has to pay a fine or faces a disciplinary act.
Significance of the Credibility of Evidence and Witness:
Apart from the punishment, how a person is proven guilty differs in both the laws. As the weight of the crimes is different, the consequences are different as well. Simultaneously, how the decision is taken to prove someone guilty differs too. Since being guilty of a criminal offense can change someone’s life forever, the decision is taken with precision. Thus, the witnesses or proofs that are used to prove the accused party guilty should be unmistakable. The bars are not so high for proof of a civil offense. The reliability of the evidence is always the primary tool in these cases.
Method of Approaching:
The ways of advancing a case are very particular in both the laws. It is a sensitive matter for criminal cases. In a civil case, the two parties can reach an acceptable result through the plea bargain. Often these cases are solved even outside the court. Whereas, for a criminal offense, a plea bargain is not the same. A plea bargain of a criminal bargain doesn’t just remain between the two concerned parties. The judge can refuse the plea bargain of a criminal offense. Thus, a plea bargain helps settle the civil offenses quickly, but the scenario isn’t the same for criminal offenses.
Defendant’s Trump Cards:
Besides, there is a regulation of time. To be more precise, there is a time frame for how long an accuser can press charges after an incident. These rules are made to protect the defendant from irrational penalties. For example, if someone presses a charge against you after fifteen years of an incident, it will be pretty impossible for you to prove anything. There are some other rules to protect the defendant as well. Like search warrants are a must to do any search. These time limitations differ from case to case. They mainly depend on case type.
Sometimes, a defendant can be charged for both civil and criminal offenses. A classic example of such a scenario is the case of OJ Simpson. He was discharged of his criminal charges but not the civil charges. This kind of situation generally takes place if there is a credibility issue of the witness. The jury discharges the accused party of a criminal offense even if there is doubt about the proofs or witnesses. The situation isn’t the same for civil offenses. However, if an individual thinks that it is possible to press charges against him for both the offenses, he /she should seek an experienced criminal defense lawyer. Remember, only a criminal offense can send an individual to jail.
Right to an lawyer:
Another difference is that the country provides a lawyer to the accused party of a criminal offense if he cannot afford it. There is no such rule for the accused party of a civil offense.
Criminal offenses harm us more than civil offenses. Not that any crime is better. Since the magnitude of the crimes varies, laws concerning them and ways to approach cases are different. The complexity of each case is different—this is a vast subject to gather knowledge. However, if you are here and you are reading this, either you are an aspiring lawyer or someone in great trouble. I would like to believe you are an aspiring lawyer. I hope after reading this, you will have a clearer idea about the difference between Civil and Criminal law.