Websites have come a long way after Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989.
The first static website was developed in HTML by World Wide Web Consortium. HTML was there from the dawn of the website era.
A lot has changed since then, and now we are not bound to the static HTML pages. We can create a website in CMS like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla just by dragging and dropping. Building a website became much easier nowadays. We don’t need to write a single code to make a website.
In recent times, everyone is fond of dynamic websites. As a result, WordPress is dominating the CMS market for a long time.
To turn the static HTML template into a dynamic WordPress website, we need to turn the template into a theme first. After that, a piece controls the overall functionality of a WordPress website.
A lot of people are comfortable with HTML5 built websites. However, the number is changing as the market share of WordPress is growing day by day. As a result, more and more people are switching to the WordPress CMS.
Are you wondering how you can convert an HTML template into a WordPress theme?
We are going to talk about some techniques in this article. For some individuals, this is a daunting task. Doing something for the first time may be difficult, but it becomes much easier when you get used to the process.
For free responsive HTML template download, you can visit some online stores. Download them and practice the conversion process.
How to Customize HTML Template in WordPress?
There are several ways to switch from HTML to WordPress. Choosing among them depends on the factors like your coding skills, budget, and also your personal preference.
Manually Convert the HTML Template into a WordPress Theme:
This method is the easiest one among all. It is straightforward if you have previous coding knowledge. Although most of the process is copy and pasting, coding knowledge makes the workflow a bit faster.
If you have ever dealt with CSS, HTML, and PHP before, the task will be easier for you.
It may sound intimidating, but it is just the arrangement of some folders and copy-pasting.
Follow the processes to get going:
Step 01: Create Theme Folder
First of all, you need a theme folder to keep all the theme files in one place. Now create five files as given-
Step 02: Copy Pasting the Existing CSS
Next up, you need to customize the CSS file. You can get the format for the main stylesheet from WordPress. To make it more professional, add some information such as theme name, author at the top.
After that, you can copy and paste the existing CSS from your HTML templates stylesheet.
Step 03: Arranging the Existing HTML
HTML codes for each section are all together on a single file on HTML templates or websites.
index.html contains all the sections such as header, footer, sidebar, menu, contents, etc.
You have to separate codes for all the sections. The best way to do this is to find the <div> tag for each portion.
Everything within the portion goes to the respected PHP file. Therefore, you have to copy and paste each part. For instance, you have to copy the code for the header section and paste it onto the header.php file on the theme folder.
Do the same for the footer.php, sidebar.php file. For the primary portion of the index.html file, you have to copy and paste it to the index.php file.
Remember, for specific portions, we have a separate file.
Step 04: Configuring the index.php file
Now you have separated the individual PHP files. You have to make sure that the index.php file can locate all other PHP files. The files must be linked to work together. To tell the index.php to retrieve the header, footer, sidebar, you have to use WordPress template tags.
For example, you can get the header file just by using the tag: get_header();
A stylesheet is a crucial element for the front-end design of a website. So you must link the stylesheet to the index.php file at the very beginning.
You can add functions.php to add more functionality to your theme. In addition, there are some specific PHP codes for enabling particular features.
Step 05: Upload the Theme:
Now your theme is ready to roll. First, you can make a zip archive and upload the theme to your website. Then, to manually upload it, log in to the Cpanel, navigate the themes/content/themes, and upload the theme.
Now you can activate the theme, and your site will be live.
This theme will give you the flexibility to tweak your site as you do in an actual WordPress theme. But there will not be all the features you get with other themes. But it has almost all the required options.
Importing the HTML contents with a WordPress plugin:
There are a few plugins that scan the entire HTML website or template and finds the movable parts.
When the HTML codes are organized, moving the site is accessible using this plugin.
You can install the HTML Import 2 plugin to get the job done. The interface is self-explanatory. Once you open the options, you will be able to provide the required files.
Hire a freelancer:
Switching from HTML to WordPress is such a sensitive job. If you are not familiar with coding, then it’s better to hire a professional. You can get one in the online marketplaces quickly.
If you want to get the job done perfectly, a professionals touch is the best option.
Switching from a static HTML template to WordPress is a good choice. Now you know the basics of How to Customize HTML Templates in WordPress. Now you can experiment with the available ways or hire a freelancer to hand over the job.